- Long calendar life (greater than 10 years)
- Sufficient cycle life
- Reliable operation under hot and cold temperatures
- Safe performance under extreme conditions
- End-of-life recycling
To achieve aggressive fuel economy standards, carmakers are developing technologies to reduce fuel consumption, including hybridization and electrification. Cost and affordability factors will be determined by these relevant technical issues which will provide for the successful implementation of lithium ion batteries for application in future generations of electrified vehicles.